Guide to the Arthur H. Reynolds Papers, 1940s

Collection number: MC 226
Size: estimated 5 boxes (estimated: 1.66 cu.ft.)

About Arthur H. Reynolds (1916-2004)

Arthur H. Reynolds was born in Omaha, Nebraska on November 2, 1916, but moved to Kingston, N.H. with his mother after his father died when he was two. He lived in Kingston for the remainder of his life. In 1936, he enlisted in the NH National Guard and served with the 197th Artillery Unit, then in 1940, wanting to see more of the world, he enlisted in the Army Air Corps and chose the Pacific Theater as his destination, arriving eventually in Manila in the Philippines. In 1941, on the same day as Pearl Harbor, the Japanese attacked the Philippines. US and Filipino forces held out on the Bataan peninsula for four months, eventually surrendering in April 1942 after suffering from disease, starvation and overwhelming odds. What followed was the infamous Bataan Death March and nearly four years of imprisonment in P.O.W. camps where the treatment was brutal and slave labor was the norm. Like thousands of others who underwent this ordeal, Reynolds suffered malnutrition, beriberi, malaria, and dysentery without proper medical treatment. He went more than a year without shoes. But at war’s end, he was able to walk out of the camp on his own two legs.

After the war, Reynolds went on to serve twenty years in the U.S. Air Force earning a Bronze Star, a Purple Heart, a Good Conduct Medal, and a Korean War National Defense Medal among many other decorations. When he left the service, he worked for the Kingston school department and later as a supply officer for a local bank. He also opened an antique shop and was instrumental in establishing the Kingston Historical Museum. He died after a road accident in January 2004.

About the Arthur H. Reynolds Papers

The collection consists of materials related to Reynolds’ WWII service in the Army Air Force Corps, Bataan Death March, POW status, and POW association activities after the war. It includes correspondence, photographs, clippings, publications, and memorabilia.

Administrative Information

Access Restrictions

This collection is open.

Copyright Notice

Contents of this collection are governed by U.S. copyright law. For questions about publication or reproduction rights, contact Special Collections staff.

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], Arthur H. Reynolds Papers, 1940s, MC 226, Milne Special Collections and Archives, University of New Hampshire Library, Durham, NH, USA.

Acquisitions Information

Donation: Bruce Reynolds, August 17, 2009 (Accession number: 2009.13)

Collection Contents

Box 1
Box 1, Folder 1Articles and information about Arthur H. ReynoldsArticles and information about Arthur H. Reynolds
Box 1, Folder 2Correspondence to Arthur Reynolds, 1984-1999
Box 1, Folder 3Misc. Correspondence
Box 1, Folder 4Roster of the 27th Material Squadron
Box 1, Folder 5American Defenders of Bataan & Corregidor Constitution and By-Laws
Box 1, Folder 6American Defenders of Bataan & Corregidor 10th Anniversary Program, 1955
Box 1, Folder 7American Defenders of Bataan & Corregidor Anniversary Programs, 1982 – 1988
Box 1, Folder 8American Defenders of Bataan & Corregidor 25th Anniversary Program, 1967
Box 1, Folder 9American Defenders of Bataan & Corregidor 40th Anniversary booklets, return to Philippine Islands, 1982
Box 1, Folder 10American Defenders of Bataan & Corregidor 40th Anniversary misc. papers, return to Philippine Islands, 1982
Box 1, Folder 11American Defenders of Bataan & Corregidor Convention Ribbons 1986, 1986, 2000
Box 1, Folder 12Report by Prisoners of War (POW) on Japanese War Camps, 1946
Box 1, Folder 13A. E. Odbert; His account of being a Japanese prisoner of war, WWII, 1942-1945
Box 1, Folder 14Bataan Diary of Hubert B. Gater, 1941-1945
Box 1, Folder 15Biography of George W. Duffy, Japanese POW
Box 1, Folder 16Article: We Were Doomed from the Start by William Bartsch
Box 1, Folder 17Articles about Fredric Rohde
Box 1, Folder 18Article: Memoirs of a Ranger by Gustave E. Schunemann
Box 1, Folder 19Misc. papers from Canadian POW Tom Forsyth
Box 1, Folder 20Poems written by POWs from Bataan and Corregidor
Box 2
Box 2, Folder 1Addresses for POWs from New Hampshire
Box 2, Folder 2 Lists of POW Camps
Box 2, Folder 3Tourist Brochure for the Philippines, circa 1940s
Box 2, Folder 4 POW – MIA Fact Book, 1982
Box 2, Folder 5 USAAF Markings in Philippines, 1940 – 1942
Box 2, Folder 6 1 copy Hickam Highlights, 1941
Box 2, Folder 6 1 copy Hickam Highlights, 1941
Box 2, Folder 7 Measures taken to aid Prisoners of War and Civilian Internees held by Japan, 1944
Box 2, Folder 8 Report of American Prisoners of War by Japanese in Philippines, 1945
Box 2, Folder 9 The Japanese Story by Stan Sommers, 1980
Box 2, Folder 10Journal of the Army Air Forces, Nov and Dec 1945
Box 2, Folder 11The Purple Heart Magazine, 1944
Box 2, Folder 12Bureau of Naval Personnel Information Bulletin, 1943
Box 2, Folder 13Airpower Magazine: Last Stand in the Philippines, Nov 1987
Box 2, Folder 14National POW Recognition Day, 1985 – 2001
Box 2, Folder 15New Hampshire Veterans Day and Memorial Day Programs, 1999 and 2000
Box 2, Folder 16Manchester New Hampshire Dedication of POW – MIA Monument, Memorial Day 1992
Box 2, Folder 17National Geographic: Hope and Danger in the Philippines, 1986
Box 2, Folder 18A Photo History of General MacArthur
Box 2, Folder 19Japanese Artifacts: two coins, identification tag, piece of fabric with writing
Box 2, Folder 20Veterans and POW sticker and bandana
Box 3
Box 3, Folder 1Articles about POWs and WW II, mostly Bataan
Box 3, Folder 2Articles about POWs and WW II
Box 3, Folder 3Articles about POWs and WW II
Box 3, Folder 4Articles about POWs and WW II
Box 3, Folder 5Articles about POWs and WW II
Box 3, Folder 6Articles about POWs and WW II, mostly maps
Box 3, Folder 7Misc. Clippings about POWS and WW II
Box 4
Box 4, Folder 1Part 1 of a scrapbook: A “Dogface” Remembers World War II in Europe by Frederick E. Todd
Box 4, Folder 2Part 2 of a scrapbook: A “Dogface” Remembers World War II in Europe by Frederick E. Todd
Box 4, Folder 3Part 3 of a scrapbook: A “Dogface” Remembers World War II in Europe by Frederick E. Todd
Box 4, Folder 4POW License Plate Project
Box 4, Folder 5POW License Plate Project correspondence
Box 4, Folder 5POW License Plate Project photos
Box 4, Folder 6Photos from POW banquets
Box 4, Folder 7Photos from POW banquets
Box 4, Folder 8Misc. photos
Box 5
Box 5, Folder 1The Guam Eagle, Feb 5, 1941
Box 5, Folder 2Leonard Wood Breeze, Voyage 13 -B Dec 22, 1940 – Jan 19, 1941
Box 5, Folder 3Leonard Wood Breeze, Voyage 13 -C Jan 7 & Jan 15, 1941
Box 5, Folder 4The Log Line, U.S.A.T. US Grant, Voyage 84 -A Jan 25, 1941 – Feb 19, 1941
Box 5, Folder 5Philippine Notebook Newsletter, 1995 - 1998
Box 5, Folder 6EXPOW NEWS, chapter 124
Box 5, Folder 7Clippings about POWS and WW II
Box 5, Folder 8Clippings about POWS and WW II
Box 5, Folder 9Clippings about POWS and WW II
Oversize Box 1
Newspapers

An array of Newspapers including the New York Herald Tribune, Apr. 7 – 11, 1942; Stars and Stripes from 1918, with gaps; Derry, New Hampshire Serviceman, 1945; The Tribune, Manila, May and June of 1941

Collection

Formats

Letters & Postcards
Military Papers
Photographs, Slides & Negatives