George Naylor Julian Papers, 1858-1938

Collection number: MC 161
Size: 3 boxes (1.00 cu.ft.)

About George Naylor Julian (1841-1927)

George Naylor Julian (March 17, 1841-July 26, 1927) was born in Exeter, N. H., the son of Luke and Abigail Moses Julian. The elder Julian was a carriage maker and wool merchant.

George N. Julian attended public schools before entering Phillips Exeter Academy, from which he graduated in 1856. In April 1861, following the bombardment of Fort Sumter, Julian moved to Massachusetts and enlisted as a private in the Second Battery (Nims) of Massachusetts Light Artillery. At the time, he determined to let those with more ambition become officers and consequently he served as a driver of a six-horse team on a field piece.

The Second Battery first went to Baltimore, where it helped quell unrest by Maryland secessionists. The unit then moved to Camp Hamilton,Virginia, where Julian witnessed the historic battle between the U.S.S. Monitor and the C.S.S. Virginia (Merrimac). Shortly thereafter, the battery was transferred via New Orleans to take part in the Siege of Vicksburg. On July 28, 1862, Julian received a commission as Captain of a newly-formed company of the 13th Regiment of New Hampshire Volunteers. The 13th trained in New Hampshire and first saw action at the Battle of Fredericksburg, Virginia. Julian also saw action at the battles of Providence Church Road, Proctor’s and Kingsland Creeks, Drury’s Bluff, Cold Harbor, Petersburg, and Fair Oaks. On January 31, 1865 Julian received an honorable discharge and returned to Exeter. There he entered his father’s business as a wool trader and between 1875 and 1892 operated out of San Francisco.

Julian married Charlotte Hannah Vinall. The couple had two daughters and three sons. President McKinley appointed Julian postmaster of Exeter in 1898, a position he held for five years.

About the George Naylor Julian Papers

The George Naylor Julian Papers primarily consists of Julian’s letters home during the Civil War. About half of these come from the fifteen month period (April 1861-July 1862) that he served as a private in the Second Battery (Nims) of the Massachusetts Light Artillery. These letters describe camp life, the volatility of secessionist Baltimore, the naval engagement between the U.S.S. Monitor and the C.S.S. Virginia, a voyage between Virginia and Louisiana, and the siege of Vicksburg. Most of the remaining war-time correspondence comes from his time as a Captain with the 13th New Hampshire Regiment (August 1862-January 1865). During this period, his letters describe the battles of Fredericksburg, Providence Church Road, Proctor’s and Kingsland Creeks, Drury’s Bluff, Cold Harbor, Petersburg and Fair Oaks, all in Virginia. Julian also comments on politics, his ranking officers, and friends and family from home. Remaining correspondence deals with his and his father’s wool business and family genealogy. The collection also contains Julian’s extensive journal, which describes a voyage of the U.S. Dewitt Clinton from Virginia to Louisiana (April 22-May 17, 1862) in great detail. In addition, the collection contains his daughter’s genealogical notebook and a number of war-time and postwar photographs. A folder containing photocopied biographical materials accompanies the papers.

Administrative Information

Access Restrictions

This collection is open.

Copyright Notice

Contents of this collection are governed by U.S. copyright law. For questions about publication or reproduction rights, contact Special Collections staff.

Preferred Citation

[Identification of item], [Folder number], [Box number], George Naylor Julian Papers, 1858-1938, Mc 161, Milne Special Collections and Archives, University of New Hampshire Library, Durham, NH, USA.

Acquisitions Information

Purchase: J.C. Devine, Inc., 1997 (Accession number: 97.015)

Collection Contents

Series 1: Correspondence, 1861-1938

Box 1
Box 1, Folder 1April-May 1861
Box 1, Folder 2June-July 1861
Box 1, Folder 3August 1861
Box 1, Folder 4September 1861
Box 1, Folder 5October 1861
Box 1, Folder 6November 1861
Box 1, Folder 7December 1861
Box 1, Folder 8January 1862
Box 1, Folder 9February 1862
Box 1, Folder 10March 1-15, 1862
Box 1, Folder 11March 16-31, 1862
Box 1, Folder 12April 1862
Box 1, Folder 13May 1862
Box 1, Folder 14June 1862
Box 1, Folder 15July 1-15, 1862
Box 1, Folder 16July 16-31, 1862
Box 1, Folder 17September-October 1862
Box 1, Folder 18November 1862
Box 1, Folder 19December 1862
Box 2
Box 2, Folder 1January-February 1863
Box 2, Folder 2March 1863
Box 2, Folder 3June 1-15, 1863
Box 2, Folder 4June 16-30, 1863
Box 2, Folder 5July 1863
Box 2, Folder 6August 1863
Box 2, Folder 7October 1863
Box 2, Folder 8December 1863
Box 2, Folder 9January-February 1864
Box 2, Folder 10March-April 1864
Box 2, Folder 11May 1864
Box 2, Folder 12June 1864
Box 2, Folder 13July 1864
Box 2, Folder 14August 1864
Box 2, Folder 15September 1864
Box 2, Folder 16October 1864
Box 2, Folder 17November-December 1864
Box 2, Folder 181875 [letters from GNJ and Luke Julian]
Box 2, Folder 191876 [letters from GNJ and Luke Julian]
Box 2, Folder 201858-1938 [misc. family correspondence]

Series 2: Covers, 1861-1938

Box 3
Box 3, Folder 11861
Box 3, Folder 21862
Box 3, Folder 31863
Box 3, Folder 41864, 1875-1876

Series 3: Journal, 1862

Box 3, Folder 5Journal of GNJ (April 22-May 17, 1862): 227 page account of voyage on the U.S. DeWitt Clinton from Hampton Roads, Virginia to New Orleans, Louisiana

Series 4: Notebook

Box 3, Folder 6Notebook, maintained by GNJ’s daughter, Maude Julian. Primarily genealogical notes

Series 5: Photographs, 1861-1900

Box 3, Folder 7Photographs, 1860s and 1900s
  • Photograph of Private GNJ, 2nd Mass. Light Artillery, CDV, J.W. Black, Boston (photographer), 1861
  • Photograph of Lizzie M. M. Julian, CDV, J.W. Black, Boston (photographer), 1860s?
  • Photograph of infant, CDV, J. Bela Robinson, Exeter NH (photographer), n.d.
  • Photograph of Captain GNJ and family, cyanotype, c.1900
  • 2 interior shots, cyanotypes, c.1900
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